Industrialism, Nationalism, Imperialism. All fancy -"ism" terms related to the history of you, me, and all the people around us, yet so different at the same time. Want an explanation?
Look around you. I'm sure you'll see some modern invention or electronic device. People bent over their iPhone 7 's? A television broadcasting the news? Or even just something simple, like a 24-pack of mechanical pencils or a bucket of dog toys.
All these things were mass produced. That means that they were made in bulk, in large quantities. Industrialism helped with that. There weren't always factories. There wasn't always a need to have extra money. A long time ago, people were only focused on growing enough food for their family. This was called an agrarian society. When the Industrial Revolution began around 1760, everything started changing, slowly but surely.
People started getting obsessed with getting rich. These capitalist people wanted a surplus. The high demand for goods made more jobs, and factories were built. In the beginning, factories ran on hydroelectricity. Later on, they were converted to running on coal, which polluted the environment a lot more. (See here to learn about how we designed our own developing city.)
Don't you love your iPhone 7? Well, thanks to factories and mass production, you can get it shipped to your house right after you order it.
Is there an American flag in the room? Stand and pledge your allegiance. Nationalism is similar to Patriotism. Your pride in your country, beliefs, cultures and traditions.
Listen to our national anthem. The lyrics talk about how our flag was still standing through all the hardships we've been through together. It makes references to our revolutionary war when we fought for independence.
Nationalism is an key part to keeping a country together.
Imperialism is when a country extends its power to other countries by acquiring territories.
An example of imperialism in history is the Scramble for Africa. This event was called the Scramble for Africa because it was just discovered that Africa was chock-full of natural resources! So, all the European countries wanted their share, to become a more powerful country in trade.
The -"ism"'s of history are important to all of us!