Thursday, March 22, 2018

Wage Peace, Not War

One of the questions I had after our Interwar/WW2 unit was about the peace treaties after World War 2. I was curious to know how the treaties did not lead to another world war as the treaties in World War 1 did. I knew that they must be different in some way because one failed to keep peace while the other has prevented a third world war from occuring. My research question for this project was 

"How were the peacemaking treaties at the end of both world wars different, and how was peace kept after World War 2?"

In 1944 the main Allied powers, USA, Great Britain, Soviet Union and the Republic of China sent delegates to meet, negotiating postwar parameters. The 1945 San Francisco conference was later held to write the charter of the UN with representatives from over fifty countries. The countries present in this diorama are the UN Security Council - the victors of WWII: France, USA, Republic of China, Great Britain and the Soviet Union.

The United Nations (UN) was created to replace the League of Nations which was ineffective. The UN was made to keep peace internationally and resolve future conflicts between countries without resorting to war. This happened because the Atlantic Charter was signed, saying that peaceful negotiation would be used instead of threatening or using force.
The League of Nations did not have any power and not much representation. Not all countries participated in the League of Nations. The United Nations was formed with the failure of the League of Nations in mind, and was more successful because of this experience of failure. The charter of the UN was written with the contribution from fifty countries, all sharing their views for world peace. I really liked this opportunity to answer our own wonder questions. We got to research something that we were interested in, and then present it to our peers. I enjoyed this project, and I hope we have another next quarter that is similar.

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